North Coast CNPS

Books on Gardening with Native Plants

(compiled by members of the North Coast Chapter, CNPS)       February 2016

There are many books available on the native flora of this region, gardening with wildlife in mind, or developing a more sustainable approach. The list below represents some of the most current work on these subjects. All the books listed are available through the Humboldt County library system.

Bauer, Nancy. The California Wildlife Habitat Garden: How to Attract Bees, Butterflies, Birds, and Other Animals. University of California Press, 2012. Filled with tantalizing photographs, this book provides an inspiring overview of the “why” and “how” of wildlife habitat gardening as well as specific information on attracting birds, bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. The author advocates using a diversity of plants—predominately natives—combined with environmentally-friendly garden practices.

Bormann, F. Herbert, Diana Balmori, and Gordon T. Geballe. Redesigning the American Lawn, a Search for Environmental Harmony. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001. Breathes new life into Rachel Carson. Includes a history of, and alternatives to, contemporary lawns.

Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. California Native Plants for the Garden. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press, 2005. A comprehensive resource describing over 500 California native plants. Authored by leading native-plant horticulturists, this book covers landscape design, installation, and maintenance, includes 450 color photos, and contains information on where to view and purchase native plants.

Bornstein, Carol, David Fross, and Bart O'Brien. Reimagining the California Lawn: Water-Conserving Plants, Practices, and Designs. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press, 2011. After a brief discussion of problems associated with lawns, the authors describe a variety of landscape alternatives such as meadows, rock gardens, succulent gardens, and edible gardens. The following section covers managing, reducing or removing lawns. The bulk of the book profiles a wide variety of drought-tolerant landscape plants—both native and non-native—and includes helpful lists of plants that are attractive to bees or hummingbirds; fast- or slow-growing; useful in coastal conditions; etc..

Francis, Mark and Andreas Reimann. The California Landscape Garden: Ecology, Culture and Design. University of California Press, 1999. An informative integration of garden design considerations and habitat types.

Keator, Glenn and Alrie Middlebrook. Designing California Native Gardens: The Plant Community Approach to Artful, Ecological Gardens.. University of California Press, 2007. Divided into 12 chapters based on communities of plants that naturally occur together. The book provides examples of conceptual and applied landscape designs for each community, including plant lists, descriptions and color photos, as well as practical advice for maintaining native gardens. Also includes a plant source list.

Pettinger, April. Native Plants in the Coastal Garden. Portland: Timber Press, 2003. An excellent guide for gardeners in coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest. Includes descriptions of plants and habitats, plant propagation techniques, natural plant combinations, and some design ideas.

Popper, Helen. California Native Gardening: A Month-by-Month Guide. University of California Press, 2012. Detailed information on sowing wildflower seeds and bulbs, planting, pruning, dividing, garden clean up, and dealing with pests on a month-by-month basis. A valuable reference, with good color photographs and vivid descriptions of native plants in bloom every month.

Robson, Kathleen A., Alice Richter, and Marianne Filbert. Encyclopedia of Northwest Native Plants for Gardens and Landscapes. Portland: Timber Press, 2008. This comprehensive reference—illustrated with nearly 600 color photographs and drawings—describes plants native to the Pacific Northwest. Discusses growing conditions, propagation, and much more.

Schmidt, Marjorie G., and Katherine L. Greenberg. Growing California Native Plants. University of California Press, 2012, 2nd ed. A recently-updated workhorse on native plant propagation and gardening in California.

Smith, M. Nevin. Native Treasures : Gardening With the Plants of California. University of California Press, 2006. Provides practical cultural advice on CA native plants, including propagation, and design suggestions for varied garden styles. Includes gorgeous color photos and line drawings.

Stark, Eileen M. Real Gardens Grow Natives. Seattle: Skipstone, 2014. Presents a strong case for using native plants to support birds, bees, butterflies, and other insects. Covers design considerations, site preparation, gardening practices, and plant propagation. The heart of the book is a portfolio of 100 garden-worthy Pacific Northwest native plants, with color photographs and useful information on the growth habit and wildlife value of each plant.

Tallamy, Douglas. Bringing Nature Home: How Native Plants Sustain Wildlife in our Gardens. Portland: Timber Press, 2007. A passionate treatise that explains why using native plants is not just a nice idea but crucially important for the survival of wildlife. A must read for native plant lovers and all gardeners.

Water Conservation Staff, East Bay Municipal Utility District. Plants and Landscapes for Summer-Dry Climates of the San Francisco Bay Region. Oakland: East Bay Municipal Utility District, 2004. Although written with the Bay area in mind, the information in this 320-page volume applies equally to other Mediterranean-climate areas. Enjoy striking color photos of both native and non-native plants in climate-appropriate garden settings, plant lists, charts, descriptions, and practical advice on water conservation.

Books for identification of native plants (and insects)

Baldwin, Bruce, convening ed. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press, 2012. A technical reference for professional botanists, this comprehensive text is written for those with knowledge of botanical terminology. A bit heavy to tote into the field, it includes natives and common exotic weeds.

Haggard, Pete and Judy Haggard. Insects of the Pacific Northwest. Portland: Timber Press, 2006. Over 600 beautiful close-up photographs of more than 450 common insects and non-insect invertebrates highlight the natural history text in this introductory field guide written and photographed by local authors. A “must have.”

Horn, Elizabeth L. Coastal Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Company, 1993. 200+ color photos of common wildflowers and flowering shrubs (including exotics and invasives) found along coastal British Columbia to Mendocino, CA. Organized by habitat, it allows beginners to identify plant communities.

Kauffmann, Michael E. Conifers of the Pacific Slope: California, Oregon, and Washington. Kneeland, CA: Backcountry Press, 2013. A field guide for identifying the conifers of the Pacific slope, including Idaho, Nevada, and parts of British Columbia and Baja California. Includes color plates and range maps for 65 conifer species. Produced in association with the North Coast Chapter of the California Native Plant Society and the Humboldt State University Redwood Science Project.

Lanner, Ronald M. Conifers of California. Los Olivos, CA: Cachuma Press, 1999. Beautiful color photos and illustrations bring our state’s 52 native cone-bearing trees and shrubs to life. Includes tips on identifying conifers both from a distance and up-close, as well as information on habitats, natural history, and state-wide distribution of species.

Pojar, Jim, and Andy MacKinnon. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Vancouver, BC: Lone Pine Publishing, rev. ed., 2004. Although described as a guide to plants found from British Columbia to Oregon, it applies equally well to our portion of the state. Includes photos of mosses, lichens, grasses, and aquatics, in addition to trees, shrubs and wildflowers, and their historical uses.

Stuart, John D., and John O. Sawyer. Trees and Shrubs of California. University of California Press, 2001. A California Natural History Field Guide to the more common native shrubs and trees of our state. Written for both amateur plant enthusiasts and professional botanists (some knowledge of botanical terminology is helpful). Includes vegetative keys, clear descriptions and illustrations, and sixteen pages of color photos. It’s also small enough to toss in a backpack.

Turner, Mark and Phyllis Gustafson. Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest. Portland: Timber Press, 2006. This comprehensive field guide describes and illustrates 1,220 commonly-encountered species, both native and nonnative, including perennials, annuals, and shrubs. It encompasses the Pacific Northwest from southern British Columbia to northern California, from the coast to the mountains and high desert. Organized by flower color and shape, and including a range map for each plant described, it is as user-friendly as it is informative.

Young, Dorothy King. Redwood Empire Wildflowers. Happy Camp, CA:Naturegraph Publishers, 1989. This is a locally classic handbook of 132 wildflowers of the Redwood Empire listed alphabetically by common names, with scientific names following. A brief description of each flower identifies characteristics, size, habitat, and the general locality and time that the flower may be found. Additional information includes a short discussion on conservation of wildflowers and suggested wildflower trips.






Native Shrubs and Small Trees that Attract Wildlife

Compiled by Judy Hinman (9-00)

Native plants provide essential food, shelter, and nesting sites for a wide variety of wildlife and are also attractive features in the landscape.

   Alnus rubra (red alder)

   Amelanchier alnifolia (serviceberry)

   Arctostaphylos spp. (manzanita)

   Berberis nervosa (dwarf Oregon-grape)

   Cornus nuttallii (Pacific dogwood)

   Corylus cornuta var. californica (California hazel)

   Gaultheria shallon (salal)

   Lithocarpus densiflorus (tanoak)

   Myrica californica (Pacific wax myrtle)

   Oemleria cerasiformis (Indian-plum)

   Prunus emarginata (bitter cherry)

   Prunus virginiana (chokecherry)

   Rhamnus californica (California coffeeberry)

   Rhamnus purshiana (cascara buckthorn)

   Rubus spp. (blackberries, but not Himalaya-berry)

   Salix sp. (willows)

   Sambucus mexicana (blue elderberry)

   Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry)

   Symphoricarpos albus (snowberry)


Native Plants That Attract Hummingbirds

Compiled by Jennifer Kalt (3/97)

   Aquilegia formosa (crimson columbine)

   Castilleja spp. (Indian paintbrush)

   Delphinium nudicaule (red or orange larkspur)

   Dichelostemma ida-maia (firecracker plant)

   Epilobium canum (wild or hummingbird "fuchsia")

   Epilobium septentrionale (Humboldt "fuchsia")

   Ipomopsis aggregata (scarlet gilia or sky rocket)

   Keckiella corymbosa (red-flowered rock penstemon)

   Lonicera spp. (honeysuckle)

   Mimulus aurantiacus (Sticky monkey flower)

   Mimulus cardinalis (cardinal or scarlet monkeyflower)

   Pedicularis densiflora (Indian warrior)

   Penstemon spp. (penstemon or beardtongue)

   Rhamnus californica (coffee berry)

   Rhamnus purshiana (cascara sagrada)

   Rhododendron spp. (rhododendron)

   Rhododendron occidentale (western azalea)

   Ribes spp. (currents and gooseberries)

   Silene californica (catchfly or campion)

   Stachys spp. (hedge nettle)


GOING NATIVE: Advice and resources for planting California natives

General advice

  • Look for natives already thriving on your property, in your neighborhood, or in nearby greenbelts.  Be wary of assuming that frequently used plants or those growing in undeveloped areas are native.  Many abundant plants are actually exotics; some have naturalized and become invasive.
  • Respect each plant species' cultural needs:  soil type and the amount of sun and water required.

The enemy: Invasive weeds.  See Invasive Weeds of Humboldt County booklet. Other useful references: Invasive Plants of California’s Wildlands, and Northwest Weeds (both of these titles are available through the Humboldt County Library).

Where to see landscaping with natives (north to south)

  • Patrick’s Point Native Plant Garden in Patrick's Point State Park, near the Sumeg Village. 4150 Patrick’s Point Dr.  Trinidad. Planted long ago by the Patrick's Point Garden Club and recently cleaned up.
  • Trinidad Museum Garden, 400 Janis Court at Patricks Point Drive, Trinidad. 677-3883,
  • Potawot Health Village (outside of the United Indian Health Services bldg), 1600 Weott Way, off Janes Rd., Arcata, just north of Mad River Hospital
  • Pacific Union School Native Plant Arboretum. 3001 Janes Rd., Arcata. Visit outside of school hours.  Located behind school garage, adjacent to hospital emergency room.  Volunteers ran out of energy, but the shrubs and trees are still there.
  • Diamond Drive Trailhead to the Arcata Community Forest, at the top of Diamond Drive. The strip between street and forest was planted with hundreds of natives by the neighbor, a CNPSer.
  • HSU Campus Center for Appropriate Technology (CCAT), HSU campus, Arcata.  826-3551. Located behind the parking lot at 14th and Union Streets, or call CCAT for directions
  • HSU Behavioral Sciences Building, Arcata. On Union Street between 14th and 16th St
  • Arcata Community Center Native Plant & Wildlife Garden, 300 Community Park Way, Arcata.  A large bed on the hill west of Healthsport, planted and maintained by North Coast Chapter CNPS with support of City of Arcata.
  • Arcata Marsh Visitor’s Center, 569 S. G St., Arcata. 826-2359
  • Humboldt Coastal Nature Center, 220 Stamps Lane, Manila.  Headquarters of Friends of the Dunes has a living roof planted with dune plants.  Volunteers are needed to help maintain and improve this planting.
  • The Blood Bank, 2524 Harrison (corner of St. Joseph Ln), Eureka
  • Winzler and Kelly Building, 718 third street, at H and Third, Eureka.

Lost Foods Garden, H and Second, Eureka, a diverse planting in the bed between sidewalk and parking lot, created and maintained by Lost Foods Nursery but modified by city staff.

  • Humboldt Botanical Garden, at the north end of the College of the Redwoods Campus, 7351 Tompkins Hill Rd, Eureka. Call for hours: 442-5139.
  • Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge Visitor's Center, Loleta. 733-5406
  • California Conservation Corps offices, 1500 Alamar Way, Fortuna
  • Humboldt Redwoods State Park Visitors’ Center, Weott. 946-2409


Where to learn about native plants

  • College of the Redwoods courses: Consult their listing.
  • HSU Extended Education and Osher Lifelong Learning Inst. sometimes offer classes including native plants.
  • CNPS plant sales, walks, field trips, garden tours, monthly programs (fall-spring), and our Spring Wildflower Show.  Look for listings in local newspapers or on our website
  • Friends of the Dunes ( and Friends of Arcata Marsh (  offer frequent docent-led walks and restoration work days that focus on plants.

Where to purchase native plants

  • North Coast CNPS: plant sales in May and Sept.-Oct. Or, make requests through our Plant Sale Chairs, Chris Beresford This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 826-0259; and Anna Bernard  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 826-7247.
  • Samara Restoration, Dowes Prairie Rd., McKinleyville. All natives; great variety. Call for appointment. Eric Johnson 834-4379.
  • Lost Foods Nursery. Monty Caid manager. Redwood Acres Fairground, Eureka. Call for an appointment 268-8447. 
  • Jameson Creek Nursery, Fortuna. Local Farmer’s Markets or call 725-5084
  • Potato Rock Nursery, Arcata Farmer’s Market or mail order.  839-9175, 
  • Telos Rare Bulbs, Ferndale. Native and exotic bulbs. Mail order only.
  • Larner Seeds, Bolinas, CA. Mail order. website:
  • Local Nurseries that carry mostly non-native plants, but have a small section of native plants (keep asking!):
  • Miller Farms Nursery, 1828 Central Ave., McKinleyville  839-1571
  • Mad River Gardens, 3384 Janes Rd. Arcata  822-7049
  • Pierson’s Garden Shop & Nursery, 4100 Broadway, Eureka. 441-2713

Local landscape designers who work with natives (Some also offer installation)

  • Garden Visions Landscape Design, Donna Wildearth, 707-476-0273 (Eureka)
  • Chris Brant, Brant's Landscape, Eureka, 707-496-1547
  • Samara Restoration, Eric Johnson, 707-834-4379


Printed/website resources

Lists of plants suited to the North Coast, and related website links are available on our chapter's web site:

A list of books useful for identifying native plants and for using them in gardens is also on our web site.


Nursery Location: Freshwater Farms Reserve of the Northcoast Regional Land Trust, 5851 Myrtle Ave (Old Arcata Rd), Eureka, near Three Corners Market

While our fall plant sale has passed, many plants can still be purchased at our stand at the Kneeland Glen Farm Stand, also located at Freshwater Farms Reserve, open daily from 12 - 6. 

Come and find a wide assortment of plants for your garden such as; red columbine, California fuchsia & penstemons which provide nectar for hummingbirds; salvias, yarrow, and buckwheats for our butterflies and bees; strawberries and yerba buena for groundcovers; grasses to add year round interest and form to your landscape; and for those darker places in your garden, shade plants to provide flower and foliage color.  Our plants compliment a variety of habitat types found here on the north coast, including sun, shade and in-between.

If you have questions about our plants or are looking for a specific plant variety, please DO NOT phone  the farm stand.  You can reach us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. and we will get back to you.


Plant list for the fall 2018 sale. (You will need Adobe Reader.) 





 Native Plant Nursery Information


PLANT PROPOGATION PROGRAM AND NURSERY NEEDS VOLUNTEERS help propagate and grow native plants for our chapter's plant sale and farm stand sales. Our plant sales fund the majority of our chapter's activities; events such as the Wildflower Show; chapter meeting lectures and presentations; publications such as our quartetly newsletter and our page in EcoNews; provides scholarships for local botany students; supports statewide endeavours; conservation education and other worthy efforts.

The nursery volunteers currently work every Wednesday from 10 - 1ish at the nursery site.  We are anticipating adding an additional workday once our October started seeds start to germinate.  We will post it here when that time comes. We also work additional days, such as Sundays, as needed, usually on special projects that need to be done . In addition, we have a dedicated group of volunteers who water on their scheduled days who could use assistance.  Watering has flexible hours and times of the week or month that you could help out. 

On our workdays at the nursery we work on starting new plants from seeds or cuttings;, transplant seedlings into larger containers as they grow; trim, weed, water, feed and label all plants; update and make new signage as needed as well as other activities needed to get ready for the upcoming plant sales.  We also keepthe plants out on the Farm stand watered and looking good.   

The Chapter is always working on increasing the number of species of plants that we grow for our plant sales. In the fall, volunteers are needed to collect seed in the wild for the nursery crew to propagate and grow. If you can provide collected seed, please clean it, indicate where and when you collected it and either drop it off at the nursery location during our work time, or contact as Chris as below.

We have also been doing dig and divides from community members established landscapes and potting up seedlings or divisions from those landscapes that we obtain for later sales. If you have a landscape that can provide such plants, contact Chris.

If you have time to volunteer to help start seeds, to transplant seedlings or to help to keep our plants healthy and happy, you can contribute to our chapter's biggest fund-raisers! To help out contact Chris Beresford, Nursery Manager, at 707 826-0259 or at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Please note: Please do not drop off containers at the nursery. We are unable to reuse containers at this time.  If you would like to provide cleaned and sterlizied 4" square pots or 1-gallons, please let Chris know.

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